Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a social communication disorder which impacts on how a person communicates with and relates to other people and the world around them. It is a lifelong developmental disability and is considered a spectrum as it effects all individuals differently.

 

There are around 700,000 people living with autism in the UK and it effects more men than women. It is usually diagnosed by a multi-disciplinary team involving a paediatrician, speech and language therapist, specialist teachers, psychiatrist and/or psychologist.

 

Autistic people have difficulties understanding and relating to other people which impacts on their participation in everyday activities. They often struggle to process sensory information and frequently diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder. This is a condition where the brain has trouble receiving and responding to information that comes through the senses and results in individuals’ being over (or under) sensitive to things in their environment.

 

  • Approaches to supporting children with Autism may include:

  • Visual timetables and schedules to support attention and understanding

  • Visual strategies to support expressive communication; e.g. choosing boards, talking mats,     communication books

  • Sign language

  • PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System)

  • TEACCH

  • SCERTS

 

Useful Links:

http://www.autism.org.uk/

https://www.sensoryintegration.org.uk/What-is-SI

http://www.autism.org.uk/teacch

http://www.scerts.com/